2. Guru Angad Devji

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2nd Sikh Guru, invented and introduced the Gurmukhi (1539 – 1555)


  • He was born in 1504.
  • Guru Angad invented and introduced the Gurmukhi (written form of Punjabi) script and made it known to all Sikhs.
  • The scripture of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji is written in Gurmukhi.
  • This scripture is also the basis of the Punjabi language.
  • It became the script of the masses very soon.
  • Guru Angad was a model of self-less service to his Sikhs and showed them the way to devotional prayers.
  • He took great interest in the education of the children by opening many schools for their instruction and thus greatly increased literacy.
  • For the youth he started the tradition of Mall Akhara, where physical as well as spiritual exercises were held.
  • He collected the facts about Guru Nanak Sahib’s life from Bhai Bala ji and wrote the first biography of Guru Nanak Sahib.
  •  He also wrote 63 Saloks (stanzas), these were included in Guru Granth Sahib.
  • He popularized and expanded the institution of ‘Guru ka Langar’ started by Guru Nanak Sahib earlier.

Profession/Designation 2nd Sikh Guru (1539 – 1555)
Location Shri Mukatsar Sahib,Punjab