6. Guru Hargobind Sahibji

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6th Sikh Guru, Erected Akal Takht, Introduced Miri – Piri (Saint Soldier) (1606 – 1644)

  • He was born in 1595.
  • He was the son of Guru Arjan Dev and was known as a “soldier saint,” Guru Hargobind ji organised a small army, explaining that extreme non-violence and pacifism would only encourage evil and so the principles of Miri-Piri were established.
  • Guru ji taught that it was necessary to take up the sword in order to protect the weak and the oppressed.
  • Guru ji was first of the Gurus to take up arms to defend the faith.
  • At that time it was only emperors who were allowed to sit on a raised platform, called a takhat or throne.
  • At the age of 13, Guru Hargobind erected Sri Akal Takhat Sahib, ten feet above the ground and adorned two swords, Miri and Piri, representing temporal and spiritual power.

Profession/Designation 6th Sikh Guru (1606 – 1644)
Location Amritsar,Punjab